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GAUL - GAUL is a relatively new initiative from the FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), a specialized agency of the U. It aims to codify all the world's statoids and their changes, from about 1990 on.
So far it has developed data for countries, primary, and secondary divisions, including boundary data and entity codes.
It maintains an authoritative list of ISO Alpha-2 Codes . See the changes in ISO 3166-1 page for the change history.
Its list is coordinated with a list of countries used by the United Nations Statistics Division for reporting purposes. I have also written a page about using ISO 3166-1 in software.
It splits Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands into two countries (JN and SV).If I understand correctly, the organization that defines ISO Alpha-3 and Numeric Codes is actually the U. The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) administers top-level domain names (.com, .edu, .org, and so on).The majority of top-level domain names are referred to as cc TLD, or country-code Top Level Domains. URLs with as their top-level domain are supposed to be assigned to French individuals, organizations, and companies by a French administrative body.There is also an indication of which entities are or are not independent countries.ISO - The Maintenance Agency for ISO standard 3166 is supported directly by the central secretariat of the ISO in Geneva.